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DTD Handbook

Handbook for Damage Tolerant Design

  • DTDHandbook
    • About
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    • PDF Versions
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    • Sections
      • 1. Introduction
      • 2. Fundamentals of Damage Tolerance
      • 3. Damage Size Characterizations
      • 4. Residual Strength
      • 5. Analysis Of Damage Growth
      • 6. Examples of Damage Tolerant Analyses
      • 7. Damage Tolerance Testing
        • 0. Damage Tolerance Testing
        • 1. Introduction
        • 2. Material Tests
        • 3. Quality Control Testing
        • 4. Analysis Verification Testing
          • 0. Analysis Verification Testing
          • 1. Structural Parameter Verification Techniques
            • 0. Structural Parameter Verification Techniques
            • 1. Compliance
            • 2. Moiré Fringe
            • 3. Photoelasticity
            • 4. Crack Growth Rate
          • 2. Residual Strength Methods-Verification
          • 3. Crack Growth Modeling-Verification
        • 5. Structural Hardware Tests
        • 6. References
      • 8. Force Management and Sustainment Engineering
      • 9. Structural Repairs
      • 10. Guidelines for Damage Tolerance Design and Fracture Control Planning
      • 11. Summary of Stress Intensity Factor Information
    • Examples

Section Compliance

The compliance measurement test is based on the relationship between compliance (C), which is a measure of stored energy in the structure, and the strain energy release rate (G).  The relationship as discussed in Section 1.3 is:


where P is the applied load, B is the structural thickness, and a is a measure of crack length.  The compliance in Equation 7.4.1 is associated with the displacement of the load points along the axis of loading.  It should be noted that displacements not along the axis of loading cannot be used in the calculation of the strain energy release rate (G).  Once the relationship between G and C has been established the stress-intensity factor (K) is calculated using:


where E¢ = E, the elastic modulus, for plane stress problems and E¢ = E/(1-n 2) for plane strain problems, n is Poisson’s ratio.  Since the bulk of the material in any given structure is subject to plane stress conditions, the better correlations are obtained between analytically determined K solutions and compliance determined K solutions based on the plane stress formulation of Equation 7.4.2.