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DTD Handbook

Handbook for Damage Tolerant Design

  • DTDHandbook
    • About
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    • PDF Versions
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    • Sections
      • 1. Introduction
      • 2. Fundamentals of Damage Tolerance
      • 3. Damage Size Characterizations
      • 4. Residual Strength
        • 0. Residual Strength
        • 1. Introduction
        • 2. Failure Criteria
        • 3. Residual Strength Capability
        • 4. Single Load Path Structure
        • 5. Built-Up Structures
        • 6. References
      • 5. Analysis Of Damage Growth
      • 6. Examples of Damage Tolerant Analyses
      • 7. Damage Tolerance Testing
      • 8. Force Management and Sustainment Engineering
      • 9. Structural Repairs
      • 10. Guidelines for Damage Tolerance Design and Fracture Control Planning
      • 11. Summary of Stress Intensity Factor Information
    • Examples

Section 4.6. References

O.L. Bowie (1956). “Analysis of an Infinite Plate Containing Radial Cracks Originating at the Boundary of an Internal Circular Hole”. Journal of Mathematics and Physics, 35, pp. 60-71.

D. Broek (1974). Elementary Engineering Fracture Mechanics. Noordhoff.

M. Creager and A.F. Liu (1971). “The Effect of Reinforcements on the Slow Stable Tear and Catastrophic Failure of Thin Metal Sheet”. AIAA paper, pp. 71-113.

D.A. Skinn, J.P. Gallagher, A.P. Berens, P.D. Huber, and J. Smith (1994). Damage Tolerant Design (Data) Handbook. WL-TR-94-4052.  Wright Laboratory, Air Force Materiel Command, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio.

D.E. McCabe (Ed.) (1973).  Fracture Toughness Evaluation by R-Curve Method.  ASTM STP 527. American Society for Testing and Materials.

W.T. Fujimoto (1976, May 4-7). “Determination of Crack Growth and Fracture Toughness Parameters for Surface Flaws Emanating from Fastener Holes”. MCAIR Report A4093. Presented at the AIAA/ASME/SAE Structures, Structural Dynamics and Materials Conference, Valley Forge, PA.

A.F. Grandt (1975). “A General Stress-Intensity Factor Solution for Through-Cracked Fastener Holes”, International Journal of Fracture, 11.

C.A. Griffis and G.R. Yoder (1974, April). “Application of the J-Integral to Crack Initiation in a 2024-T351 Aluminum Alloy”. Naval Research Lab Report 7676.

C.K. Gunther and J.T. Wozumi (1982). “Critical Failure Modes in Cracked Mechanically Fastened Stiffened Panels”. Design of Fatigue and Fracture Resistant Structures, P.R. Abelkis and C.M. Hudson (Eds.). ASTM STP 761, American Society for Testing and Materials,
pp. 310-327.

JSSG-2006 (1998, October).  “Joint Service Specification Guide, Aircraft Structures”.  Department of Defense.

J.M. Krafft, A.M. Sullivan, and R.W. Boyle (1961). “Effect of Dimensions on Fast Fracture Instability of Notched Sheets”, Cranfield Crack Propagation Symposium (Vol. 1), pp. 8-28.

A.E.H. Love (1944). A Treatise on the Mathematical Theory of Elasticity, New York, Dover (4th Ed.), p. 209.

W.S. Margolis and F.C. Nordquist (1975). “Plane Stress Fracture Toughness (Kc) of Aluminum Alloy 7475 - 1/2 Inch Plate, Tempers - T7651 and T7351 and of Aluminum Alloy 2024 - 1/8 Inch Sheet - T81 and T62 Temper”. General Dynamics, Fort Worth Div., F-16 Air Combat Fighter Technical Reports TIS GA2300, CDRL A031, USAF Contract F33657-75-C-0310.

C.C. Poe (1970). “The Effect of Riveted and Uniformly Space Stringers on the Stress-Intensity Factor of a Cracked Sheet”. Air Force Conference on Fatigue and Fracture, 1969. AFFDL-TR-70-144.

C.C. Poe (1971). “Fatigue-Crack Propagation in Stiffened Panels”. ASTM STP 486, pp. 79-97.

M.M. Ratwani and D.P. Wilhem (1974, December). “Development and Evaluation of Methods of Plane Stress Fracture Analysis, A Technique for Predicting Residual Strength of Structure”. AFFDL-TR-73-42.

J.R. Rice (1968, June). “A Path Independent Integral and the Approximate Analyses of Strain Concentration by Notches and Cracks”. Journal of Applied Mechanics, ASME (Vol. 35),
pp. 379-386.

J.P. Romauldi and P.H. Sanders (1959-1960). “Fracture Arrest by Riveted Stiffeners”. Proceedings of Fourth Midwest Conference on Solid Mechanics. University of Texas Press.

J.P. Romauldi, J.T. Frasier, and G.R. Irwin (1957). “Crack-Extension Force Near a Riveted Stringer”. NRL Memo Report No. 4956.

R.V. Sanga (1974). “The 747 Fail-Safe Structural Program”. Fail-Safe Aircraft Structures
(Vol. II). I CAF Symposium (1973). RAE RE 73 183, pp. 3.1/1-3.1/66.

J.E. Srawley and W.F. Brown (1965). “Fracture Toughness Testing Method”. ASTM STP 381, pp. 133-195.

T. Swift (1971).“Development of the Fail-Safe Design Features of the DC-10”. ASTM STP 486, pp. 164-214.

T. Swift (1974) “The Effects of Fastener Flexibility and Stiffener Geometry on the Stress Intensity in Stiffened Crack Sheet”. Prospects of Fracture Mechanics, G.C. Sih and D. Broek (Eds.). Nordhoff, (1974), pp. 419-436.

T. Swift and D.Y. Wang (1969). “Damage Tolerant Design Methods and Test Verification of Fuselage Structure”. Air Force Conference on Fatigue and Fracture, AFFDL-TR-70-144,
pp. 653-683.

R. Verette and D.P. Wilhem (1973, May). “Development & Evaluation of Methods of Plane Stress Fracture Analysis, Review and Evaluation of Structural Residual Strength Prediction Techniques”. AFFDL-TR-73-42.

H. Vlieger (1973). “The Residual Strength Characteristics of Stiffened Panels Containing Fatigue Cracks”. Engineering Fracture Mechanics, 5, pp. 447-478.

H.M. Westergaard (1939). “Bearing Pressures and Cracks, Transactions, American Society Mechanical Engineers”. Journal of Applied Mechanics (Vol. 6), pp. 49-53.

D.P. Wilhem (1970, February). “Fracture Mechanics Guidelines for Aircraft Structural Application”. AFFDL-TR-69-111, Air Force Flight Dynamics Laboratory.

D.P. Wilhem (1974, June). “An Improved Technique for Residual Strength Prediction – A Modified Crack Growth Resistance Approach”. Paper presented at Conference on Prospects of Fracture Mechanics, Delft University, The Netherlands.